Dionizos - ksenos czy autochton w świecie Grecji klasycznej?

Citation:
Szajbel-Keck, M.  2007.  Dionizos - ksenos czy autochton w świecie Grecji klasycznej? Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae et Latinae. XVII:27-34.

Abstract:

"Dionysus – xenos or autochthon in Classical Greece?"

Two main problems of the characterization of Dionysus are discussed here: contradictions in his character and doubt about his Greek origin.

The main feature of ancient Greek mythology has always been the ‘anthropomorphosis’ of the gods. Dionysus, however, has always been a source of trouble for scholars, who tried to systematize his life and define his character. Therefore, philologists concerned with him were led to revise and change research methods in order to be able to understand the essence of this deity. The survey of Dionysian myths, as well as descriptions of first reactions of the Greek people to the god, brings into question the autochthony of the god (barbarian manners, presumable expedition to India, an oriental retinue, odd orgiastic rituals). Although the Greeks did not trust these odd orgiastic rituals, which were brought by a new (in fact forgotten) deity, the cult of the god spread in to all of Greece. In conclusion, the myth of arrival should not be considered as a historical event, but as a ‘religious profile’ of Dionysus, and in considering it as such, logic and cohesion of mythological events should not be expected prima facie, since the apparent contradiction in the myths about the god did not disturb the Greeks.